everything about “Russian Olive”everything about “Russian Olive” “Russian Olive” is one of the most delicious fruits that we know it because of it’s use on the Haft Sin table at Nowruz. But the fact is that Russian Olive, in addition to being one of the components of this ancient table, also has countless properties that we may not know much about. Both the skin and the mantle and its core all have extraordinary therapeutic properties that can resolve many physical and mental problems and treat many diseases easily. The great man, Abu Ali Sina explains the properties of many plants and trees in the part of his famous and valuable book, "ghanoon", which one of them is Russian Olive. In this section he introduces the properties of Russian Olive and says that in terms of medicine The leaves, skin and wood of this fruit have many properties. Nowadays, in our country, Russian Olive cultivation is carried out on a large scale, which is a huge capacity for the conversion industry. Considering the importance of this fruit in the country and by explaining this introduction to its unique features, we decided in this article to tell you more about this product, its medicinal properties, its storage, and its export and import status.
1. Russian Olive PlantingThe scientific name of Russian Olive is “laeagnusan gastifolial” and the origin of the plant and the use of it’s friut is to European countries, especially Germany, and was cultivated for the first time in the 1730s. Russian Olive has a very fast growth rate, so it can grow in soils that are not richly nutritious. Russian Olive usually grows into a spiny shrub or tree that has a height of 4 to 7 meters. The Russian Olive leaves are oval and narrow, and alternate on branches. Russian Olive blooms also have a pleasant smell, sometimes used as ornament. The fruit has a solid core inside itself; the color of the skin is orange-red and the color of inside which is a powdery and soft state, is white. Russian Olive blooms usually flourish in the late spring and early summer, and they are the months of June and the spring of their growing season. Russian Olive needs sunshine to be able to process its growth well; however, in areas where light is low, it continues to grow. Russian Olive tree resists dehydration and survives in the hot summer sun. Russian Olive plant is multiplied by seeding. Sometimes, of course, some farmers also do this through slicing. In this case, about 3 to 4 years after the buds are green, flowers blossom and fruit. Tree saplings can survive in cold weather and withstand temperatures of -34 ° C. In the warm summers, the Russian Olive also continues to grow and survive. Such weather conditions have led to the growth of this product in most of our provinces.
Another point to be noted with regard to Russian Olive is its effect on drought control; the plant does not require much water, and therefore it grows well in the dry conditions and gives the fruit. Therefore, keeping and harvesting the product at the lowest cost, this consideration can help to increase employment rates in the agricultural and industrial areas. Russian Olive has different names in Persian as “idea”, “nojabir” and “najida”.