The plant is from the lily family, which is called Saffron. In the herbal medicine books named Kayser and Ruffon it is mentioned. Saffron has a rugged bulb, with leaves flowing out of it. The flowers are violet and beautiful and appear before the leaves. The plant’s stigma is red and usually triple that is portion of the edible saffron.   In standard mode, every 50 grams of saffron stigma weighs 377 milligrams, and from each 100 grams of saffron we get 8.6 grams of stigma.

Chemical Composition of Saffron:

In the chemical breakdown of the stigma, or the oral portion of the saffron, there is an escaping oily oil, crocosin glucoside, crostein and picocrocin.  Other effective ingredients in saffron are safranol, beta-gamma carotene, lycopene and bitter glucoside, called picocrin. Among the vitamins found in saffron, riboflavin is a vitamin, but the amounts reported are different in different saffron samples.

Saffron in Foods:

Saffron is used as an aromatic spice and used to color the food. Due to its taste, smell and color, saffron is used extensively in various foods, especially rice and various kinds of sweets. In various food industries, saffron is used in the preparation of various types of cake powders, desserts and jellies, ice cream, beverages, sweets and candy, cakes and cookies, breads, as well as sausage, margarine, butter and cheese making industries. Saffron is used as a flavoring in ordinary tea in the eastern regions of Iran, especially in southern Khorasan. Saffron is now used as the best color for food in most foods and sweets.

Medicinal properties of saffron in the present age:

Extensive research has been carried out on saffron in various European countries such as France, Britain, Italy, Spain, as well as American countries, Taiwan, India and China. However, research done in Iran has a special place. Recently, a new animal and laboratory study of saffron in the United States has led to the following results:

  • It is effective in reducing blood pressure in patients with hypertension
  • Effective and useful in spinal cord injury.
  • Increases the oxygen content of the blood plasma and has an anti-cancerous effect.
  • Reduce triglycerides and cholesterol levels.
  • It has an analgesic and anti-depressant effect
  • It has anti-toxic and anti-infectious properties.
  • has an antispasmodic effect.
  • Anti-tumor and neutralizes free radicals of the blood.
  • It is anti-nauseous and makes digestion easy.
  • .it strengthens the brain and it is a tonic and protective neuron.
  • Increases sweating and creates the rule for women.
  • It is soothing and opiates.
  • Stimulates and improves the uterus.
  • It is sputum and stops bleeding.
  • It is prescribed to expedite the shedding of measles seeds.
  • Research in Spain has shown that reducing heart disease in part of this region is probably due to the constant consumption of saffron.
  • Research in China has shown that saffron consumption is very effective in accelerating and facilitating vascular flow.
  • To eliminate the disorder of menstruation or in the absence of menstruation or bleeding beyond postpartum size or mothers who have a dead embryo in the womb, it has beneficial effects.
  • Saffron is a joy and it is very useful for strengthening the senses.
  • It is a liver tonic and cleanses the kidneys and the bladder.
  • Stimulates sexual power.
  • Improves the respiratory system.
  • Saffron consumption is effective in giving birth and is prescribed.
  • Sniffing saffron is sleepy.
  • Eating saffron mixed with honey is useful for crushing bladder stones.
  • Using saffron solution on the forehead reduces headaches and enhances eye vision.
  • Its suppository is effective in reducing pain in the uterus.
  • Saffron is antispasmodic.
  • It is very useful in relieving the disease of asthma and cough as well as coughing up of bronchitis.
  • In studies carried out on the basis of previous information, if saffron is soaked in sesame oil for 5 days and is stirred every day, it strong nerves that relieve dryness of the uterus and has good effects on bone tightness and sleepiness.
  • Saffron is anti-seizure and is used for hysteria.
  • The use of saffron brings up the color of the face and drains the eye and reduces the loss of water from the trachea.
  • The use of round saffron on the wound expedites it and reduces its bleeding.
  • For skin diseases and subcutaneous bleeding, saffron is also used. For this purpose, lentils made of saffron can be used.
  • Saffron consumption is effective in removing stomach seizures.
  • In cases where itching in children is caused by teeth, the saffron blend with honey is used locally to relieve gum discomfort.
  • Saffron is a bladder urinating and rinsing agent.
  • Saffron is effective in removing skin dots and eye pruritus.
  • Mix saffron with paraffin can reduce joint pain and gout.
  • For the treatment of internal wounds and possible wounds in the uterus, a mixture of saffron and honey wax is very effective.
  • Mix saffron with honey is useful to remove kidney stones, bile marrow, eliminate liver and spleen obstruction and accelerate the delivery of childbirth.
  • To reduce the swelling of the ear, a mixture of saffron and honey is very useful as a topical ointment.
  • To reduce the swelling of the organs, saffron oil is used topically.
  • In disorders of the nervous system, saffron prevents the death of neurons by increasing glutamine and inhibiting cell death.
  • Studies have confirmed the effect of saffron on preventing Alzheimer’s and memory impairment.
  • Saffron consumption has an antidepressant effect.
  • Saffron consumption save hemoglobin levels and prevent reducing of white blood cell in cancer patients.
  • Saffron improves the circulation of blood in the eye.
  • One study in 1998 found that daily intake of 50 mg of saffron per person significantly reduced lipoprotein oxidation in coronary artery disease patients.
  • Saffron, as a herbal medicine, can replace the imipramine antidepressants.

Saffron storage conditions:

The best conditions for keeping saffron in an environment that is far from light and moisture. The desirable conditions for keeping saffron are primarily metal containers and then glass dishes. Plastic containers are not suitable for keeping it, because in a short time its essential oil is reduced and its quality is reduced. Saffron is better when powdered and the powder is consumed in a short time as its aromatic essence evaporates from the powder earlier.

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