Saffron is the most precious spice in the world. But due to its aroma and color is really popular and a lot of recipes have it as an important spice. Saffron has always being considered very valuable. Maybe you tasted saffron in such famous dishes as Paella. And also in north of Italy, saffron is used in Risotto, one of the most famous dishes in that region. And if you visited Arab countries like Saudi Arabia, you tasted saffron in their wonderful coffee. In Iran also saffron is a essential spice in a lot of dishes. In India, they use saffron as an important spice in ice-creams, sweets, rice and so on.
Saffron is the stigma of the crocus flower and each flower only have three stigmas. So you can imagine how many of flowers are necessary to produce this spice. So obviously saffron is really expensive.
One of the most important things about buying saffron, is knowing different types of saffron. If you are going to buy this wonderful spice, you should know different types to have a better purchase.
Saffron producers sells it in different types. Each type have its own cost. Producers separate different type of saffron according to used parts of saffron strand for making it. In fact, when we are speaking about different types of saffron, we are not speaking about various producers or different manners for producing it. It is just about which parts are used to produce saffron.
In this article we’ll help you to know four types of saffron. Konj, Pushal (Mancha), Sargol and Negin. Reading this article you’ll learn how to differ them so you’ll be able to make better purchase.
When producers separate red colored stigma of saffron, a yellow or white part that remains is known as Style or Konj in Persian. Some people thinks this part have more aroma, but in fact, science has shown that the stigma of saffron have more coloring potential and aroma. People don’t consider Konj as saffron but due to its beautiful appearance and color people likes Konj saffron. Another reason for its popularity is that Konj can’t be faked. Konj is also used for medical aims.
This type of saffron is the stigma of saffron strand with 1 to 3 millimeter of yellow color style. Pushal saffron have more coloring potential. Some people prefer this type of saffron because Pushal is produced with part of style so it can’t be faked easily. The coloring power of Pushal saffron is about 220 usp. (usp is a visual color standard intended to improve color communication between sites.)
Pushal saffron is produced during beginning of harvest. In spanish language this type of saffron is known as Mancha. Pushal saffron has a strong and lovely aroma as well as a slightly bitter taste. This spice is used in many Spanish recipes and from the Middle ages to our days, this type of saffron is really popular in countries like Spain and Italy.
This type of saffron is the most known saffron in the world. Consumers likes this kind of saffron and consider it as the best quality saffron. So it is obvious this sort of saffron is the most used saffron type.
Sargol saffron is also known as All-Red saffron. In spain, this kind of saffron is known as azafrán Coupé.
Sargol or Coupe saffron is just the red part of saffron without yellow or white part. in the production of this saffron, the style is separated from stigma. Sargol crocin values are superior to 220. Crocin is chemical compound that is found in the flowers and the chemical primarily responsible for the color of saffron.
This kind of saffron is really expensive and you can’t buy it cheap. Negin saffron is expensive due to its delicate producing process. Negin is the best saffron in the world. Like Sargol, Negin saffron is produced by stigma. But it is more thick and longer than Sargol. Negin is also without breaks and pure. to produce Negin saffron, a great manual skills is needed.
Negin saffron is really beautiful and its aroma is wonderful. You can’t find parts of style in Negin and so it don’t have yellow or white color. Negin saffron have a strong coloring potential and its aroma is really good.
You can find also other types of saffron like Dasteh. In fact, Dasteh is the whole saffron strand with all parts. We also have another type known as Negin Pushal saffron. This sort is essentially Pushal saffron but without yellow part. To produce it, only three stigmas of saffron flower are used. Negin Pushal is also known as Super Negin. Making Negin Pushal in last years is really expensive, so its production is reduced. But still you can find it.